China and Europe sign two heavy aviation agreements to pave the way for China's big planes to fly to Europe
After several rounds of consultations, China and the EU signed an agreement for the first time in the civil aviation field, and one sign was two.
On May 20, local time, China and the EU signed the "Agreement between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the European Union Civil Aviation Safety" (hereinafter referred to as the "China-Europe Civil Aviation Safety Agreement") and the "Government of the People's Republic of China and the European Union on flights" in Brussels, Belgium. Agreement on Aspects (hereinafter referred to as “Central Europe Agreement on Certain Aspects of Flights”).
The official website of the Civil Aviation Administration of China announced that the China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement has established a legal framework for extensive cooperation between China and the European Union in civil aviation safety, such as airworthiness and environmental certification, flight operations, air traffic control services, personnel licenses and training. It is a good example of the principle of mutual benefit and win-win.
In particular, the signing of airworthiness and environmental certification annexes has created conditions for airworthiness certification cooperation between aviation products of China and Europe, providing a broad approach for the exchange of aviation products between the two sides, and also providing cooperation for industrial enterprises in the field of aviation product design and manufacturing. A good environment.
European Commission President Juncker said: "In an increasingly unstable world, Europe's partnership with China is more important than ever."
Regarding the signing of the China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement, Shen Haijun, a professor at the School of Aeronautics and Mechanics of Tongji University, told the First Financial Reporter that he felt that China had done a lot of work and it would be relatively easy for China's large aircraft to enter the EU market in the future.
The European Union has given the economic data of cooperation between China and the EU in the list of facts provided. The EU expects to bring the economic benefits to Central Europe to US$3.5 billion and create in the first eight years after the signing of the agreement. 11,000 jobs.
At a press conference on May 9, EU ambassador to China, Nicolas Chapuis, predicted that China and the EU would soon sign the Sino-European Civil Aviation Safety Agreement in Brussels. At that time, Yu Bai told the First Financial Reporter that China and Europe have extensive technical cooperation and are open to cooperation with China.
It is reported that the signing of the China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement is a concrete measure to implement the joint statement of the 21st China-EU Leaders' Meeting in April. The signing of the agreement has laid a solid foundation for the extensive cooperation between the two sides in the field of aviation safety. The basis will further promote exchanges between the two sides in terms of policy, technology and talent.
According to reports, China and the EU have strong willingness to cooperate in the field of civil aviation security, and hope to expand pragmatic cooperation on the basis of consolidating the existing cooperation results. In August 2013, the two sides launched the "China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement" negotiations. After several rounds of consultations, the agreement was finally reached.
On the 20th, after signing the China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement, the two parties will continue to negotiate on the implementation rules of the Airworthiness and Environmental Protection Appendices on the basis of this, in order to better serve the cooperation between China and Europe in the import and export of aviation products and industrial enterprises. Get implemented.
According to reports, Ambassador Zhang Ming, head of the Chinese Mission to the European Union, said in Brussels on the same day that "cooperation" is the first message transmitted by the signing of the two major agreements. "These two agreements cover airworthiness and environmental certification, flight operations, air traffic control services, etc., and are highly professional. It reflects the breadth and depth of current Sino-European cooperation from one aspect, and also highlights the characteristics of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation between China and Europe. Zhang Ming said.
In addition, the signing of the civil aviation agreement between China and the EU also reflects “trustworthiness”. Ambassador Zhang Ming said: "The 21st Joint Statement of the China-EU Leaders' Meeting pointed out the direction and planned the path for the next phase of cooperation between the two sides. Today is the 40th day after the joint statement of the China-EU Summit. China and the EU have already signed the above-mentioned agreement and launched the first important measure to implement the joint statement. In addition, China and the EU have recently held a new round of intellectual property dialogue and communicated on the China-EU investment agreement negotiations. I believe that China and Europe The two sides will continue to work together to address the uncertainties in the current international situation with the stability of China-EU cooperation."
Currently, the two most important airworthiness certification bodies in the world are the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). If the aircraft wants to enter the EU market, it must be certified by FAA or EASA.
The signing of the airworthiness certification content in the China-EU Civil Aviation Safety Agreement is of great significance to the Chinese aircraft going out.
Shen Haijun told the First Financial Reporter that China did a lot of work this time, which is related to the previous ARJ21. "ARJ21 is a regional aircraft made by Chinese commercial aircraft before the C919. We have been planted on this plane and suffered losses. At the time, China itself was doing airworthiness certification in China, and hoped that the US FAA would help us to do a shadow review. The so-called 'shadow review' is that we are going to do the review. The other party as an observer sees how we are doing. If we do it after the other party approves, we can issue an airworthiness certificate. As a result, the US FAA denies it, that is, ARJ21 does not. Through the US Airworthiness Certification." He said, "This can be said to have learned the lessons of ARJ21, we have turned around to make international airworthiness certification to EASA."
"It will be relatively easy for China's big planes to enter the EU market later." Shen Haijun added, "But it is still quite difficult. The C919 is the beginning of C. The meaning is obvious. Airbus is A, Boeing is B, we are C, that is, the future is in the world. The US FAA will not easily let China go according to the current situation, and Airbus will not easily let China pass the airworthiness certification, otherwise it will be equivalent to finding a competitor for itself... but it should It is said that China did a lot of work this time, which made Europe willing to sign such an agreement."
Reduce the cost of the aviation sector in Central Europe
According to the EU, the main purpose of the Bilateral Civil Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) is to support the global trade in aircraft and related products. Such agreements will eliminate unnecessary repetitive assessments and certification activities of aviation products by aviation authorities, thereby reducing the cost of the aviation sector and facilitating the entry of Chinese and European airlines in each other's markets.
At the same time, such agreements will also promote cooperation between the EU and China to achieve a high level of compatibility between civil aviation safety and the environment.
The EU also pointed out that the second China-Europe Agreement on Certain Aspects of Flights, also known as the "horizontal aviation agreement", will replace the current bilateral agreement applicable to flights between the EU and China, that is, in the future After the implementation of the agreement, EU airlines will be able to fly to China from any of the 28 member states of the European Union. At present, if an EU airline wants to fly to China, it can only take off from a specific EU member state that has reached a bilateral agreement with China.
In the list of facts provided by the EU, the importance of the Chinese aviation market and the economic dividends reached are highlighted. The EU pointed out that reaching the above agreement will provide better modes of travel for flight passengers while contributing to economic growth and employment.
The EU pointed out that between 2008 and 2017, the travel volume between China and Europe doubled in 10 years, reaching 10 million people, with an annual growth rate of 6.7%. In terms of air cargo, China is the EU's second largest partner and the United States ranks first. At present, China has the world's third largest domestic aviation market, and it is expected that this market will maintain an annual growth rate of 7% between 2015 and 2034.
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